Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Cultural Capital of "Nepal"

Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean. A small river named Duden flows by their place and supplies it with the necessary regelialia. It is a paradisematic country, in which roasted parts of sentences fly into your mouth. Even the all-powerful Pointing has no control about the blind texts it is an almost unorthographic life.

On the left just before the entrance way to the square is a hiti (water tank). A few steps before that, but on the other side of the road, just 100m before the entrance way, is a tiny double roofed Shiva-Parvati temple with some erotic carvings on its struts

Nyaynyapa Jhya (55 windows Palace)

The Golden Gate is the entrance to 55 windows Palace, which stands right next to it. As the name suggests, the palace was constructed with 55 carved windows. The carved windows of the 2nd floor are considered to be the finest example of wood carving produced during the reign of the prodigious king. Above each window are wooden tympanus depicting gods and goddesses. This palace, which was recently renovated by the Bhaktapur Municipality and Department of Archaeology, is one of the main parts of the palace complex. Although there was a palace on this site as long as 1427 A.D., it was remodeled by King Jitamitra Malla and his son Bhupatindra Malla in the late 17th century. The palace once sprawled far beyond here, but the 1934 earthquake has left only an enormous empty plaza to the east, littered with the bases of Giant temples. The series of intricately carved windows on the second floor is the specialties of the structure. The whole of these windows have been pulled by more than two feet present level during reconstruction after the earthquake of 1934 A.D.

King Bhupatindra Malla’s Column

A gilded statue of King Bhupatindra Malla on a pillar with his hands folded in Prayer posture, legs folded and a serpent supporting the capital is in front of the Golden Gate. A small bird sits on top of the serpent’s head. King Bhupatindra Malla is the most famous of the Malla kings of Bhaktapur and had a great influence on the art and architecture of the town. Like the similar column in Patan Durbar Square, this one was a copy of the original in Kathmandu.

Lu Dhwaka (Golden Gate)

Bhaktapur Durbar SquareThe Golden Gate is in front of the column of King Bhupatindra Malla in the magnificent gate, locally known as Lu Dhwak. It is the entrance to the 55 window palace. The Golden Gate is generally agreed to be the single most important piece of art in the whole valley. This magnificent gilt gateway and palace was built by King Jaya Ranjit Malla in 1754 A.D. The remarkable craftsmanship is considered by many to be the finest example of metal work in Nepal.

The tympanum features the image of four-headed goddess Taleju Bhawani having ten arms and two attendants at her side named Ganga and Jamuna. Taleju Bhawani is the family deity of the Malla dynasty and there are temples dedicated to her in the Royal palaces in the valley. A Garuda (half man and half eagle), the vehicle of lord Vishnu, is shown above the gate, disposing of a number of serpents, dragons and reptiles.

The Golden Gate leads into the Sadashiva Bhairab Chowk of the Bhaktapur Palace. This is the only courtyard easily accessible for visitors. Passing through the Golden Gate, the next gate is home to huge drums covered with elephant skin. The Sadashiva Bhairab Chowk leads to the Nag Phuku (Nag Pokhari) and to the Mul Chowk and Taleju, the two guardian figures by the doorways. A few paces away from the pond is the entrance to the Mul Chowk courtyard, which houses the Taleju Temple and which is only accessible to Hindus. The Mul Chowk was established in the 14th century and is the oldest part of the palace.

Tagogan (Big Bell)

Huge Taleju bells are found in all three Durbar Squares of Kathmandu Valley. They had multiple uses in ancient times when they functioned as alarm bells during times of distress, as a means to notify the population of important events or discussions and to pay homage to the fearsome goddess Taleju. This large bell was erected by King Jaya Ranjit Malla in 1737 A.D. to call the faithful to prayer at the Taleju Temple.

Vatsala Devi Temple

Directly in front of the palace and beside the king’s statue and next to the Taleju Bell is the stone built Vatsala Devi Temple. This Shikhara style temple is completely constructed in sandstone and is built upon a three stage plinth, and has similarities to theKrishna temple of Patan. It is dedicated to Vatsala Devi, a form of the goddess Durga. The temple was originally built by King Jitamitra Malla in 1696 A.D. The structure that can be seen today, however, is reconstructed by King Bhupatindra Malla and dates back to the late 17th or early 18th century. Behind the temple is a water source called Dhunge Dhara and next to it stands the Chayslin Mandap.

Chayslin Dega

Beside the Tago Gan (Big Bell) and in front of the 55 windows palace is the Chayslin Dega. This octagonal temple was originally a viewing point for noble writers, observing festivals and rituals. It was built during the 17th century by King Jitamitra Malla and was used as a rest house by the travelers and pilgrims. It has an open hall at the lower level. The Chayslin Dega was totally destroyed by the 1934 earthquake, but recently reconstructed with assistance from Germany.

Chayslin Dega

On the left just before the entrance way to the square is a hiti (water tank). A few steps before that, but on the other side of the road, just 100m before the entrance way, is a tiny double roofed Shiva-Parvati temple with some erotic carvings on its struts. One of these shows a pair of corpulating elephants, in the missionary position. It’s Kisi (elephant) Kamasutra.